Find resources that provide background and support for education efforts related to sugars and alternative sweeteners, including consumption statistics, sugar myths, reports and guidelines, and online tools.

Calories From Solid Fats and Added Sugars (PDF | 967 KB)

USDA. Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion.

From Chapter 3 of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which addresses solid fats and added sugars in pages 27-29.

Questions and Answers About Sugars

International Food Information Council.

Defines the terms "sugars," "reduced sugar," and "sugar-free" on nutrition facts panels. Describes why sugars are added to foods and their health implications, including a discussion of sugars and hyperactivity, diabetes, weight gain, and tooth decay.

Dietary Sugar and Alternative Sweeteners (PDF | 130 KB)

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service.

Defines the types of sugars found in foods, describes the chemical structure, function and metabolism of sugars, provides tips for lowering sugar intake through the food guide pyramid, and describes the role of sugars in health and modified diets. Includes a list of the sugar content (in teaspoons) of commonly selected foods, labeling terms for the sugar content of foods, and definitions of sugar substitutes.

Sugar-free vs No Sugar Added

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Discusses the difference between foods that have no sugar added and foods that are sugar free.

Glycemic index and glycemic load for 100+ foods

Harvard medical School. Harvard Health Publications.

Glycemic index and glycemic load offer information about how foods affect blood sugar and insulin. The lower a food's glycemic index or glycemic load, the less it affects blood sugar and insulin levels.

Satisfy Your Sweet Tooth without All the Sugar

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Tips for avoiding extra calories from sugar while enjoying something sweet.

close-up graphic of a calculator Carbohydrate Calculator

University of Maryland Medicine.

Calculate your daily carbohydrate intake requirement based on age, height, gender, and activity level. Also is useful for calculating calories burned, Body Mass Index and protein intake requirements. Should be used only as a guide.

Dietary Sugars Intake and Cardiovascular Health (PDF | 413.78 KB)

American Heart Association.

A 2009 scientific statement on sugar intake and health.

From Science to Communication: Understanding Fructose, HFCS, and Sugars CPE Module

International Food Information Council; International Life Sciences Institute, North America.

This self-study Continuing Professional Education (CPE) module helps health professionals and Registered Dietitians understand the differences between fructose and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), and discusses consumer-friendly approaches to communicating about sugars. Based on a 2009 Web cast for Registered Dietitians.

Fast Facts about High Fructose Corn Syrup

International Food and Information Council.

Brief overview of the use of high fructose corn syrup, consumption and nutrition information.

Glycemic Index

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. MIT Sports Medicine.

Brief overview of the glycemic index, the glycemic index formula, glycemic load and foods that are considered high, moderate and low glycemic scores.

Using the glycemic index to compare carbohydrates (PDF | 88 KB)

Iowa State University Extension.

An in depth look at using the glycemic index to compare carbohydrates. Looks at why the glycemic index is important and glycemic indexes of common foods. November 2003.

In adults, what is the association between intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and body weight?

USDA. Nutritional Evidence Library.

Conclusion: "A moderate body of epidemiologic evidence suggests that greater consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with increased body weight in adults."

Is intake of sugar-sweetened beverages associated with adiposity in children?

USDA. Nutritional Evidence Library.

Conclusion: "Strong evidence supports the conclusion that greater intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with increased adiposity in children.