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Title:NEEDs for Bones
Alt. Title:Nutrition Education Engineering & Designs
Pub. date: 2011
Edition: 1st
Includes: Teacher Guide with answer sheets for activities, tear-off tablets of participant activities, food items*, additional materials needed for taste testing*, evaluation materials.
*items include in kits purchased from the publisher only.
Audience: Children
Language: English
Description:The four lessons in NEEDs (Nutrition Education Engineering & Designs) for Bones are designed to educate 11-14 year olds about calcium and its impact on health. Most adolescents do not get the calcium they need for their growth and development, and many adolescents do not meet the daily requirement for vigorous physical activity. Adolescents can use the information taught in NEEDs for Bones to make informed choices during food selection at home and away from home.
Funding Source: USDA, FNS, SNAP-Ed, Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare, and The Pennsylvania State University
Developer: NEEDs Center
Organization: Penn State University College of Health and Human Development
Phone: 814-865-7628
Length: 4 lessons
Pilot Testing: Developed with middle school teacher input and piloted with middle school students to inform revisions. As of June 2012, NEEDs for Bones has been used by more than 12 classes in Central Pennsylvania. A review of NEEDs for Bones is slated for publication in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

A readability formula was not used, but hundreds of students have completed surveys and teachers report no difficulty with reading level.

Assessment instrument Used? Yes
Use Restrictions: May not copy.
Reviewers Comments: Four lessons make up the curriculum:
  • "Enjoy Calcium-Rich Foods" provides an overview of calcium needs and Calcium-rich foods.
  • "Calcium Case Studies" uses case studies and food labels to determine Calcium intake of typical middle-schoolers in several examples. Reviews non-dairy/lactose calcium sources.
  • "Where's 'Cal?'" teaches students about calcium-rich choices that are available at convenience stores and provides the "knowledge of skilled marketers" to encourage students to make healthier convenience store choices.
  • "Fast 'Cal'" provides students with information on calcium-rich choices and encourages healthier choices when eating at fast food restaurants.

Each lesson includes a complete lesson plan, facilitated discussion, learning activities, and taste testing experiences, weight bearing physical activity, wrap-up discussion, and an optional "extend-the-lesson" writing assignment for participants. A comprehensive evaluation tool is also included with the kit along with detailed evaluation instructions.

Contact the Distributor:
    Distributor: NEEDs
    Mail: 205 Chandlee Lab, Penn State University
University Park, PA 16802
    Phone: 814-865-7628
    Order URL:
    Cost: 72.02 per kit + shipping (for educators w/SNAP-Ed Funding)
    Avail. in Qty: Yes
    Bulkrate:Note: Kit is $105.39 + shipping for educators without SNAP-Ed Funding

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